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4.5 Child Trafficking and Exploitation


The Safeguarding Children who may have been Trafficked UK Home Office describes trafficking as a modern form of slavery.  It defines it as involving:

“the movement of people, either within one country or from one country to another, using coercion, deception or abuse of power for the  purpose of their exploitation”.


Exploitation includes:

“the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual  exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.” 

1.3 The UK Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 includes an offence of ‘Traffic for Prostitution.’
1.4 The UK Sexual Offences Act 2003 covers offences of trafficking for the purposes of committing any sexual offence against an adult or child, as well as trafficking from one place to another within the UK. A new offence of trafficking for exploitation, which covers trafficking for forced labour and the removal of organs, was introduced in the UK Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004 which extends to the Island. These measures also take into account the UK’s international obligations under the UN Trafficking Protocol and the EU Framework Decision on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, the Sexual Exploitation of Children and Child Pornography.
1.5 Trafficking should not be confused with smuggling: “People smuggling is the facilitation of illegal entry.”
1.6 In recent years the numbers of migrant children to the UK has increased. Children and young people may enter the country in a variety of ways. They may be unaccompanied asylum seekers, students or visitors. They may be accompanied or met by an adult claiming to be a relative or friend.
1.7 Where a child or young person is suspected or known to be involved in trafficking, the safeguarding procedures should be followed and consideration should be given to involving Immigration officials at the strategy discussion stage. The Trafficking Toolkit (CJS) provides helpful guidance.
1.8 If a child or young person is being Looked After, carers should be vigilant in case an unknown adult attempts to make contact. Any adult seeking contact with the child should be first investigated and their identity validated.
1.9 Where there are concerns about the immigration status of any individual contact should be made with the Passport and Immigration Section of the Crown Division in the Chief Secretary’s Office. Interpreters should be made available to children and young people who do not have English as a first language.